Create a wave of manufacturing industry in Shenzhen, Hebei Province to create a world-class intelligent manufacturing heights
Newspaper reporter Yang Yueqi Shenzhen reports
"Manufacturing" has undoubtedly become a high frequency word in recent years. It appears in the national strategy of "intelligent manufacturing", "made in China", is also active in more and more colorful Manufacturing Forum on the big coffee classic quotations.
In April 9th at the second session of the "Chinese manufacturing (Shenzhen) forum, President of Tongji University, Chinese Academy of engineering, Zhong Zhihua pointed out that with the process of industrialization, the country will face the middle-income trap, to cross the trap, the manufacturing industry to play an important role. And from the international case, there is no cross the past, most of the manufacturing sector is not strong.
Indeed, in New York, for example, although the world financial center, but it is still the third largest manufacturing center in the United States, New York's manufacturing employment population in the past two years is still on the rise.
Even the increase in the proportion of the service sector is also rising in the presence of the figure.
Shenzhen Municipal Policy Research Director Wu Sikang said that the manufacturing industry is the foundation of the service industry, focus on manufacturing, research and development, will have financial, logistics, exhibition, intellectual property services, product testing and certification services, business and so on, if there is no industry, no such services.
The manufacturing industry itself is also facing internal and external adjustment and transformation.
Global manufacturing restructuring
Manufacturing transformation has become an international issue.
Zhong Zhihua pointed out that the integration of the new generation of information technology and manufacturing depth, is causing profound changes to the industry, after the international financial crisis, all countries are rethinking, the pattern of global manufacturing is facing a major adjustment.
On the one hand, after the international financial crisis, the developed countries have implemented the strategy of "re industrialization" to reshape the competitive advantage of manufacturing industry. In the United States, for example, since 2009, almost every year a heavy strategy or plan promulgated. For example, the revitalization of the United States manufacturing plan, the 2010 U.S. manufacturing promotion act, the revitalization of the United States advanced manufacturing and innovation strategy of the United States, etc..
At the same time, the European Union and some of the major industrial countries in Europe have their own corresponding strategy. In addition to the German industry 4, in 2009 the European Union launched the future factory plan, in 2010 France introduced a new industrial policy, the United Kingdom also has the British industrial strategy of the 2050".
On the other hand, developing countries in accelerating the planning and layout, and actively participate in the global division of labor, industry and capital transfer. India, Malaysia, Philippines, Indonesia and other countries are continuing to undertake a large number of outsourcing manufacturing and services.
Therefore, China in the global industrial division of labor, the international market space has been "two-way squeeze", but at the same time, China has also taken a series of measures.
From the 2012 "intelligent manufacturing technology development" 12th Five-Year "special plan", the relevant ministries and state issued a lot of action plan, the representative is "2025" and Chinese manufacturing "1+X" program and "Internet plus" plan of action, governments also have to follow up the local version of the 2025 Chinese manufacturing plan.
Zhong Zhihua said, now is gradually formed in eastern central and Western focus on different China manufacturing transition to Eastern wisdom map, high-end equipment manufacturing, mainly in central western industrial upgrading, is the dominant industry breakthrough, of course there will be some cross.
But with the policy support is proportional to the transformation of the enterprise itself is difficult and painful.
Xugong Group Chairman, party secretary Wang Min admitted that the manufacturing industry is still difficult transition in the process of upgrading, not so good, not so happy, "now the global manufacturing enterprises, special equipment manufacturing enterprises in the study of technology, quality, reduce the cost of research, how to make customers more willing to buy my happy. Product."
As the host of the forum held in Shenzhen, the world has also proposed to build a high level of intelligent manufacturing goals.
In fact, from the data point of view, Shenzhen has a unique advantage of the development of intelligent manufacturing.
2016, the whole of Shenzhen R & D investment accounted for 4.1% of the proportion of GDP, the country is only about 2.1%, Shenzhen close to the national level of two times. Shenzhen has 80 invention patents per million people, only 8 of the country, 10 times the national level.
Shenzhen attaches great importance to industrialization and commercialization, so it promotes the development of high-tech industries. Not only is a lot of new industrial areas, a number of traditional industries in Shenzhen formed early, such as clothing, furniture, household appliances, printing, general machinery manufacturing, jewelry, watches and other industries have undergone several rounds of technical transformation, with new technology, new equipment, new materials and excellent quality. Although it is a traditional industry, but also entered the advanced manufacturing industry." CPPCC Standing Committee, deputy director of the economic committee, former Minister of industry and information technology, China Federation of industrial economics, said Li Yizhong.
Li Yizhong estimates that the value of the strategic emerging industries in Shenzhen accounted for more than 40% of GDP, while the country is less than 10%. In 2016, the proportion of the added value of high-tech manufacturing in Shenzhen accounted for 66.2% of the industrial added value, the national average was only about 12.4%.
It should be noted that behind the bright macro data is a large number of Shenzhen electronics manufacturing, information industry, new energy vehicles, bio medicine, new energy, new materials and other areas of the rise of dominant enterprises.